Coronary heart disease refers to the accumulation of plaque within the arteries of the heart, potentially resulting in a heart attack. It basically describes the overall condition caused by narrowed coronary arteries.

What Causes Coronary Heart Disease?

Understanding what causes coronary heart disease is important for maintaining heart health. The reduction or obstruction of blood flow typically stems from atherosclerosis, a condition involving the buildup of fatty material (atheroma) inside the coronary arteries. This narrowing reduces blood flow to the heart muscle, which can lead to chest pain, angina, heart attack, and other complications.

Who is at Risk of Coronary Heart Disease?

Coronary heart disease (CHD) can be caused by various factors. These include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, smoking, being overweight or obese, inadequate physical exercise, having a family history of CHD, and being older. These factors together raise the chance of plaque accumulation in the arteries, narrowing them and preventing normal blood flow to the heart. Over time, this restricted blood flow can lead to severe complications.

Preventive Measures for Coronary Heart Disease

Identifying who is at risk of coronary heart disease can guide targeted interventions and promote better heart health outcomes. According to a recent study, there may be an increasing risk of coronary heart disease even for children and young adults. Although the risk tends to increase in men around the age of 45, whereas in women it begins around the age of 55. Taking preventive measures early on is crucial, as they may have long-term effects. By adopting healthy behaviors as soon as possible, we can potentially slow the progression of CHD and improve our overall health. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, which includes controlling weight, eating mindfully, and exercising regularly, can significantly reduce the risk of developing CHD.